Tuesday, August 29, 2017

A month in Paris: the couture dress!

Today marks exactly two months since I arrived in Paris and one month since I departed.  I guess it's about time I wrote about the dress!
The primary objective of this couture techniques workshop was to sew a custom-fit dress in the style of Madame Grès.  Our dresses were based on one of her designs from the 60s, with some slight variation (the original had an exposed zipper in the front--eek!).  Madame Grès is best known for her finely pleated creations, so our version is a "starter" Grès, with a mere 20 pleats!
The fabrication for our dresses was supposed to be viscose jersey, but I made a poor choice and brought modal jersey.  It was a bit too stretchy and much more annoying than the viscose, and mine happened to stain with water, so it was all around a royal pain.  The dress started with 7 yards of fabric, cut into 4 equal lengths and we draped the garments such that the straight grain was along the center front and back.  The only critical measurement was the waist and that was defined by the "bolduc" (twill tape).  Nearly all markings were done with hand-stitching, so we "passed a thread" to mark the edges of our dress, shoulder points, and eventually all the pleating.  Here's my work after a few days, on the dress form, with the pleats placed and marked with thread.

After defining the pleat positions on the front and back sides, the markings were then transferred via pins, then chalk, and finally thread to the second half of the dress. Pleats were then repositioned, sewn with tiny stitches, and eventually attached to grosgrain ribbon on the inside.

First the pleats are secured (this is the inside of the dress, below):
And then sewn to the grosgrain by sewing over the pleat stitches.
The front and back necklines (and shoulder seams) are strengthened by strips of silk organza, attached with tiny stitches along the neckline edges. You can see a bit of that in the image below, with the silk organza in cream.  The second picture shows the nearly invisible stitches along the neckline edge.

A separate underlap was sewn in (by hand, of course) for snaps and some critical hook and eyes to keep the whole thing closed.  

The upper line of tiny stitches along the waistline is secured with satin ribbon in the same was as the grosgrain.
The neckline edges were overcast by hand (no sergers here!). We did use the straight stitch machine for doing the final line of stitching at the center front/ back, side seams, and shoulder seams but only after "passing the thread" on both sides and basting with contrasting thread!

Here's the dress before cutting for the hem. I kind of loved the pooling effect, but it was certainly not practical (whatever that means when you're making a couture dress). 
We had an initial fitting with the instructor--the shoulders had to be adjusted and the waist is quite loose.  I had lost some weight over the month, so the waistline *should* have been adjusted by about 1.5" but I chose to leave it;  I couldn't face whatever ridiculous alterations were necessary with only a few days left!  At the second fitting, we determined the hem length. There was considerable discussion among the instructors about how high the side hem should go and here I am in the "model" dress to check the side length.  The instructors wanted it this high!
I went with something a bit more conservative (whatever that means when your dress has this deep of a vee in the front, back, and sides!).  In the image below, the front hem hasn't been trimmed yet, but the sides are cut.
Once cut, I spent over 6 hours hand-rolling the hem!
In all, I spent about 50 hours on this dress.  It's not perfect (the side seams roll like the devil and the waist is still too big!), but I'm proud and pleased with this dress!  
Here are some lovely photos of some of my colleagues and I in our final product.  This style was universally flattering and all of the dresses turned out stunning.

Here are a few more professional photos (the first three pictures in the post were also taken by the pro):

Finally, I was lucky enough to be able to try on (and fit!) a real Madame Grès dress that I had been oogling the entire month.  Here I am in that dress (made of the finest silk jersey) with my amazing instructor Madame Martine.   
Seriously, look at the pleating of a true Grès dress!
Truly words cannot adequately describe my experience in Paris. It was hard work and not always fun (I cried in class one day!), but I was humbled by the immense knowledge of all of my instructors and to say I learned a lot would be a tragic understatement.  Ah, Paris.  

Sunday, August 13, 2017

A month in Paris: Hats, dyeing, felting, and feathers

About half our time during our month at the Paris American Academy was spent doing something other than sewing our couture dresses: the fashion shows, attending museum tours and special exhibits, and taking special topic workshops.  The workshops were a nice break from all-day hand sewing, and we were able to learn new skills and create beautiful items to take home.
We spent two full days working with Jean Pierre Tritz (who designs hats for Jean-Paul Gaultier!).  On the first day, we stretched and worked felt hats and created fanciful sisal fascinators.
My brown wool hat (above) and a few from my table mates (below):
The sisal hats were so much fun to work on!  I wore mine "out" to our end of the summer celebration, and was so pleased to have successfully gotten it home from Paris (very carefully carried in my hand!) in hopes of wearing it in California.

I'm happy to have gotten a photo (in my sisal creation!) with one of my favorite professors, Agnes Rannou (below) at our wrap up celebration.  As an Art and Fashion History professor, she brought us around to all the museums and fashion exhibits and gave us the most wonderful history and information.  It will be hard to go to a museum without her now!  
The second day of hat making included sewing a felt beret and a tiny fascinator.  With the floppy felt, our berets looked a bit more like chef's hats!

This itty-bitty fascinator (below) took 4 hours of sewing time!  And, quite unfortunately, I must have left it in Paris because I couldn't find it on our last day of school.  Wahh!  Here are some photos of the process....first stretching the fabric over the form....
 Sewing wire around the edge....

...And then skip a bunch of steps to finished fascinator!
We also spent two days with instructor Sandi Keiser dyeing fabric and wool felting.  On the "dyeing day" used various Japanese shibori techniques, which resulted in some gorgeous silk scarves.  Below, my scarf has been initially dyed grey and then wrapped around a wine bottle (there are a few to spare in Paris!).
 My friend, Irina, working on hers.
And after some color-removal of the base color (grey) and redyeing with the yellow and greens, the scarf is complete!
We had the opportunity to dye a second scarf, using whatever techniques we wanted to try.  Truthfully, I don't remember exactly what I did here, since the first go was unsuccessful and I went back to do more to it.  The end result is pretty, though!
Wool felting to create flowers was day two with Sandi.  Here are some in-progress photos of my first flower:

....And a photo of the other three I made!  Felting was so much fun and resulted in such beautiful objects.  
Our last "special project day" was working with Maude Ruby, a feathers expert.  We created lovely butterflies!  Mine was probably the least exciting, colorwise, of the group, but I'm pleased with how it turned out.  Now, I need to attach this beauty to a headband!
We learned so many amazing skills and techniques and I'm so grateful for the opportunity to try all these new things!